Paper Outline on The Matrix

Paper Outline on The Matrix

Paper Outline

Thesis Statement
In this essay, I have evaluated the movie ‘The Matrix’. I have explained how the movie raises issues like scepticism and the mind-body problem. The essay explains it and relates it with theories by Rene Descartes and Plato’s allegory of the cave.

Rough draft/Introduction
The idea that the real world in which human beings exist is an illusion, has faced numerous conflicts and questions since time immemorial. This idea is broadly supported through the philosophies of Jean Baudrillard’s Simulacra and Simulation, Plato’s allegory of the cave, Socrates’ visit to the Oracle of Delphi, and the work of Descartes in the philosophical movie. All the issues discussed are the key to supporting the main idea that the real world is an illusion. This essay is focused on evaluating the movie in terms of how it raises issues like scepticism and the mind-body problem. 

Scepticism
According to scepticism, the world in which we live, feel and hear might be an illusion. It has been depicted how the main characters in the movie doubt their existence in the everyday world in which they exist. sceptical hypotheses attract either adolescents or philosophers.  Descartes through his epic example of the wax depicted his sceptic nature. Rene Descartes's brain-in-a-vat hypothesis brings out the concept of scepticism. Besides scepticism, the movie also highlights the concepts of the mind-body problem and the thoughts of various philosophers associated with this issue.
Descartes “cogito ergo sum”

Mind-Body Problem
Dualism is one of the renowned theories that relate to the philosophy of the mind. This theory enlists the views and relationships between the body and the mind. The movie highlights the fact that the mind and body coexist.
Cartesian Dualism deals with the mind-body problem and its relation with the movie “The Matrix”.

Plato’s and Descartes’ philosophy
Plato has constant confidence in his senses to judge the world, Descartes on the other hand shows a constant doubt about his senses.
Discussion on the red pill and blue pill.
Drawing similarities between Neo’s issues and Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”. the similarity that the movie depicts between Plato and Descartes
Aligning both philosophies to solve the issue depicted in the movie.

Conclusion
enlightens the viewers about challenging ideas related to the mind and body.
Provides solutions to the issues highlighted.
successfully describes the philosophy related to scepticism as well as other philosophical aspects.

Paper
The idea that the real world in which human beings exist is an illusion, has faced numerous conflicts and questions since time immemorial. This idea is broadly supported through the philosophies of Jean Baudrillard’s Simulacra and Simulation, Plato’s allegory of the cave, Socrates’ visit to the Oracle of Delphi, and the work of Descartes in the philosophical movie, “The Matrix” (Gillis, Stacy, 2005). The movie brings out various questions that relate to these philosophies, thereby providing stark support to the illusion of the “real world”. This essay is focused on evaluating the movie in terms of how it raises issues like scepticism and the mind-body problem. All the issues discussed are the key to supporting the main idea that the real world is an illusion. Furthermore, the essay also relates with theories by Rene Descartes and Plato’s allegory of the cave, to align with various instances and scenarios depicted in the movie.
The majority of us feel that the world around us is exactly the way we live and feel it.  It is very hard to believe that all that is around us is false.  However, in philosophy, all of this is contradicted by a group of human beings called sceptics. According to scepticism, the world in which we live, feel and hear might be an illusion. The movie “The Matrix” profoundly aligns with the concept of scepticism.  It has been depicted how the main characters in the movie doubt their existence in the everyday world in which they exist (Smith, Barry, and Gerald, 2002).
Such sceptical hypotheses attract either adolescents or philosophers. The second group is comprised of philosophers such as Descartes who consider movies such as “The Matrix” as a fundamental tool to develop their theories and questions that discuss reality and knowledge.  Descartes through his epic example of the wax depicted his sceptic nature. He reveals how false the shape, colour and smell of wax is until it disappears when melted (Smith, Barry, and Gerald, 2002). Despite his sceptic nature, Descartes's “cogito ergo sum” was coined as a result of the fact that he could not be fooled by his existence. Rene Descartes's brain-in-a-vat hypothesis which is a revised version of his original views depicts the human brain to be similar to vats and all activities regulated by supercomputers. The movie highlights this hypothesis by considering the pods in which human beings spend their lives to equal vats. Besides scepticism, the movie also highlights the concepts of the mind-body problem and the thoughts of various philosophers associated with this issue.
The mind-body philosophy has plagued the minds of philosophers for a very long time.  Various theories and sub-theories have been developed to support the issue of mind and body. Dualism is one of the renowned theories that relate to the philosophy of the mind (Baker, Gordon, Gordon and Katherine, 2002). This theory enlists the views and relationships between the body and the mind (Bunge, 2014). However, it has been further reviewed and expanded by other philosophers. Cartesian Dualism which deals with the mind-body problem has been applied to the movie “The Matrix” (Baker, Gordon, Gordon and Katherine, 2002).  The movie highlights the fact that the mind and body coexist through the questions that Neo asks Morpheus about survival if killed. This Cypher also supports by saying that the mind has been tapped into an illusion and the body is fed externally. Extending this concept further, the movie also depicts various instances that relate to Plato’s and Descartes’ philosophy.
Plato and Descartes have shown remarkable differences in their philosophies. While Plato has constant confidence in his senses to judge the world, Descartes on the other hand shows a constant doubt about his senses. Through the question “Do you take the red pill or the blue pill?”, the movie tries to draw attention to the acceptance or rejection of illusion (Lawrence, 2008). Besides various scenes that align with Descartes's philosophy, the movie also highlights the ways the main characters implement Plato’s “Allegory Of The Cave” theory to help Neo come out of his everyday 20th-century life. Neo’s 20th-century existence has been compared with the “cave” in Plato’s philosophy (Lawrence, 2008). 
Both the movie and Plato’s philosophy revolve around a central idea of “What is real?”.  Just as the prisoners were trapped in the cave, the main character Neo is trapped in a false world created by machines, each unaware of this illusion (Constable, 2013).  However, the only similarity that the movie depicts between Plato and Descartes is the fact the senses are not always adequate. They may sometimes deceive individuals. This helps Neo to come out of this dilemma. Moreover, Both philosophers teach that they must accept the truth to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental truths.
Through various aspects discussed in the movie, “The matrix” proves to be a thrilling movie that enlightens the viewers about challenging ideas related to the mind and body. However, it offers various solutions to such problems, thereby sending the audience to other questions that need to be answered. It can be said that the movie is highly thought-provoking. Through various scenes and circumstances, it successfully describes the philosophy related to scepticism as well as other philosophical aspects.