Diabetic type 1 has gradually emerged as a menace that has affected the lives of many children across the globe. But it should be noted that only medical care under medical practitioners cannot be the answer to the problem of the ultimate solution to the ailment. The support and active involvement of family members are also very much essential in terms of managing type 1 diabetes in paediatric patients. Parent learning and parent teaching are very much important in the course of maintaining and treating diabetes type 1 in children and that is the reason why the primary objective of the paper is to discuss and analyze the critical components of home care for type 1 diabetes in children including the diet plan development and management and appropriate treatment management instruction that reflects the developmental level of the parent and the patient.
Parent Involvement in Treatment and Management of Type 1 Diabetes in Children: The Teaching Context
There are several critical components of the treatment of management type 1 diabetes in paediatric patients. But as discussed earlier, only clinical intervention on the part of the medical practitioners and her team is not the only solution to the problem of type 1 diabetes in children. Active participation of the parents of the ailing child is very much important in respect of treating and managing type 1 diabetes from which the child is suffering. Hence, there are several components of such homecare processes that should be enumerated, discussed, and their significance should be simultaneously analyzed to make the doctor-patient-parent interaction more transparent and effective.
Parents Teaching as an Important Aspect of Teaching and Managing Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 in Children
It should be taken into account that medical practitioners vested with the responsibility of treating diabetes mellitus type 1 in paediatric patients should provide proper teaching and instruction to the parents of such patients so that the treatment process including the homecare aspect becomes fruitful and effective. It has been observed that adaptation to type 1 diabetes is always optimized if there is ongoing family support and supervision (Jaser, 2011). It has been conveyed by the medical community that type 1 diabetes in children can be treated properly when the parents are provided with the information on how to manage the patient at home through the implementation of different strategies of treatment and care as instructed medically by the doctors. But before providing information and teaching the parents of such an ailing child about the treatment and management process of type 1 diabetes, it is very much important for the doctor to have a proper understanding of how family interactions may influence adaption to the concerned illness (Marshall et al., 2018). The teaching curriculum should include certain topics. For example, the doctors should arrange for a meeting with the parents of children suffering from type 1 diabetes. In this respect, it should be taken into account that, doctors should indicate greater specificity of types of parental involvement, and parent attention in the course of treating the ailing child. Moreover, in this context, the active participation of fathers and the acknowledgement of the impact of parental distress is very much important in the sphere of treating paediatric patients suffering from diabetes mellitus type 1 (Jaser, 2011). The teaching policy should encompass several different components of treatment and management of the disease at home. For instance, the increased use of observational methods among the parents and the awareness of the doctors about the culture to which the patient belongs deserve special mention (Jaser, 2011).
Self-management of children suffering from type 1 diabetes is essential at home and hence, the active involvement of parents is imperative. In this respect, the medical practitioners and the nursing professionals should provide important education to the parents of children suffering from the concerned disease on how to take care of such children in the home setting, ensuring active participation of the parents (Ouzouni et al., 2018). In this respect, self-management practices on the part of children should be promoted by the parents in the home setting (Ouzouni et al., 2018). And in this respect, the parents should be informed and taught about how to empower the children and motivate them to refrain from habits that initiate the amplification of diabetes mellitus type 1. In this respect, it should be noted that in the process of developing a diet chart and maintaining the same the parents must take an active role as per the direction of the concerned medical practitioner (Ouzouni et al., 2018). Moreover, from the social and economic point of view, the parents must be taught how to treat the child with type 1 diabetes in a normal manner. In this respect, it is noteworthy that, parents must usher profoundly changed family situations keeping in mind the need of leading a normal life with their ailing children so that the mental health of the child is not affected (Iversen et al., 2018). But in this regard, the doctors must teach the parents how to remain in contact with healthcare professionals and outpatient clinics for support and special supervision (Iversen et al., 2018).
Active involvement of parents in the treatment and management of paediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus is very much essential for the wholesome treatment and management of the child. Such parent intervention should be encouraged by the medical practitioners to provide the ailing child with a proper environment to flourish without affecting his or her mental health through the imposition of any form of stigma.