• According to the author, the process of emerging inspiration and vision from suffering is one of the unique contributions of our faith. In the last sermon, Martin Luther King Jr. exhorted on his last night before his murder that although he would prefer a long life he is not upset about the end of his life journey as he declared that he had been to the mountaintop. He also said that he was allowed to go to the mountaintop by the Almighty where he had looked over and had seen the Promised Land. According to the author he is giving us a hyperlink to the story of Moses who leads his people out of slavery into the wilderness and finally to the bank of the river Jordan where he makes a path to cross into the land promised to Abraham and his descendants. Moses also did finish the journey along with his follower but similarly, to Martin Luther King Jr. he was allowed to look over the land from the top of a mountain. Thus the author wants us to realise how inspiration and vision emerge from suffering.
• “Keeping your eye on the horizon” represents keeping a vision of the near future. It also represents the development of frustration which comes from organizational disorientation. A vision for destiny requires a systematic leadership. Barry Posner and Jim Kouzes consider this as a teaching process (Kouzes, Posner & Maxwell, 2010). According to them teaching vision and having confirmation that the vision is shared is a process that engages constituents in conversations about their dreams, hopes and their lives. According to the author, Christian Leaders know all about it. That is why they called Jesus “Rabbi” which means “teacher” in Hebrew and called themselves “disciples” which means “pupils” in Greek. Therefore, “keeping your eye on the horizon” is important.
• Deeply listening is an essential skill for a leader. On the death of Irving Berlin, Charles Kuralt said that he secretly listens to the conversation on the American heart and when they heard his song they knew that was him. In return, the Christian leader was lifted from a challenge by the congregation. That is why we listen deeply to others. Like in the profession of carpentry there is grain in a fine piece of wood and an effective leader read those grains. In the African American church community, there is a tradition of “call and response”. This tradition encourages the listener to respond to the spoken message. This also helps the preacher to establish a symbiotic relationship with the priesthood of all believers, even in the middle of the sermon (Kouzes, Posner & Kouzes, 2004).
• According to me inspiring a shared vision requires an effective leader. Some of the following skills are essential to being an effective leader. The first and foremost skill is having a clear vision of the future. According to the author this skill represents as “keeping your eye on the horizon”. This skill will help to lead your follower to a happy and prosperous future. Another skill which is essential to inspire a shared vision is listening deeply. A leader with a deep listening skills can easily establish a bond with his or her followers which will bring success for both the leader and his or her followers.