Today, I take the opportunity to speak a few words on intelligence testing as a method for guidance in schools. Children are the gift of God and it is we who can nurture them after they are born. Ages 6-10 are considered to be the most vital for the cognitive development of the child. Research reveals that this age contributes to nearly 85% of brain development and records the highest neuron connectivity. However, there are various factors that hinder a child’s development and performance in school. It sometimes remains unnoticed by the teacher due to various reasons. Intelligence testing provides a head start to the teachers to acknowledge a child’s strengths and weaknesses (Sakaa, 2016). Such tests are not performed for every child but for those who are in need of such screening. For example, an intelligence test conducted in the classroom helps in uncovering many unsaid facts. This test might reveal the problems faced by the child in learning certain topics. This may include emotional problems or psychological disorders which are otherwise not revealed by the child under normal circumstances.
The most frequent question that arises with the use of intelligence tests is whether such tests discriminate between the IQ of different students. I would like to draw your attention towards the conclusions made by some of the US researchers. According to them, these tests when combined with specific intelligence testing tools provide valid results. This enables educators to provide and enhance the learning environment for those children who face difficulty in adapting themselves to the lessons being taught (Van der Maas, Kan & Borsboom, 2014). In a nutshell, these tests do not discriminate the IQ levels but enhance the learning capabilities of the needy.
Moreover, researchers are of the opinion that teachers who are aware of the children they teach can cater to the additional resources that the child may need. “Science Daily” suggests that intelligence tests help in differentiating between the verbal, mathematical and reasoning ability of the child. Not only do intelligence tests serve as a guiding light for parents and teachers but also help the children to focus on their intellectual strengths. This helps to build up their confidence.
On the contrary, there are certain disadvantage as well. Schools that deploy intelligence testing for guiding the children should monitor these drawbacks to utilize the maximum benefits from such testings. One of the major drawbacks is that a child with special needs often ends up in classrooms that burdens the child with lesser lessons. In such cases, these children are often left behind when compared to their peers (El-Din et al., 2019). Therefore, schools should take up appropriate steps to devise intelligence tests in a way that no child is left behind in future.
El-Din, E. M. S., Shehata, M. A., El-Wakkad, A., Ismail, S., Eid, E. M., El-Gebaly, H. H., & Elkhatib, A. A. (2019). Behavior rating and intelligence testing in primary school children exposed to multiple adverse experiences. Middle East Current Psychiatry, 26(1), 1-9.
Sakaa, F. Ö. (2016). What do Teachers Think about Testing Procedure at Schools?. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232, 575-582.
Van der Maas, H. L., Kan, K. J., & Borsboom, D. (2014). Intelligence is what the intelligence test measures. Seriously. Journal of Intelligence, 2(1), 12-15.